Friday, April 26, 2024



Pacific Air Lines, Flight 773

Pacific Air Lines Flight 773 was a Fairchild F27A Friendship airliner that crashed on May 7, 1964, near Danville, California, a suburb east of Oakland. The crash was most likely the first instance in the United States of an airliner's pilots being shot by a passenger as part of a murder–suicide. Francisco Paula Gonzales, 27, shot both pilots before turning the gun on himself, causing the plane to crash, killing all 44 aboard.

As of May 2021, the crash of Flight 773 remains the worst incident of mass murder in modern California history, one death more than the subsequent Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771 hijacking in 1987.

Last words:

First officer: Skipper’s shot! We’ve been shot. I was trying to help.

American Airlines, Flight 383

Two flights named American Airlines Flight 383 ave been involved in notable aviation accidents:

- American Airlines Flight 383 (1965), crashed on approach to the Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport, leaving only 4 survivors out of the 62 onboard

- American Airlines Flight 383 (2016), suffered an uncontained engine failure and fire during takeoff at Chicago O'Hare Airport on October 28, 2016

The 1965 crash happened short of the runway due to poor weather conditions and carelessness of the crew. The aircraft was a Boeing 727, with 57 passengers, and 5 crew on board. The aircraft crashed on final approach to the Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport located in Hebron, Kentucky, United States. Only three passengers and one flight attendant survived the crash. The Civil Aeronautics Board determined that the probable cause of the accident was the pilots' failure to properly monitor their altitude during a visual approach into deteriorating weather conditions.

Last words:
TWR Have you in sight – cleared to land.
AA: We’re cleared to land, roger. How far west is that precipitation line now?
TWR: Looks like it’s just about over the field at this time, sir. We’re not getting anything on the field however … if we have a windshift I’ll keep you advised as you turn on to final.
AA: Thank you – we’d appreciate it.
TWR: We’re beginning to pick up a little rain now.
TWR: Have you still got the runway OK?
AA: Ah … just barely … we’ll pick up the ILS here.
TWR: Approach lights, flashers and runway lights are all on high intensity.

Thai International, Flight 601

While passing through a typhoon in 1967, the plane dived into the sea. Surprisingly, the majority of passengers actually survived (but not the pilots). The probable cause of the accident was pilot error, specifically not noticing that the aircraft had descended below the glide slope. The presence of strong wind shear and downdrafts as a result of then-present Typhoon Anita was a probable contributing factor. However, at the time of the accident there were no means of detecting such weather phenomena. 

Further factors included:
- The pilots did not adhere to Thai Airways procedure for a captain-monitored Instrument approach in bad visibility.
- The captain did not monitor the approach adequately.
- The abrupt heading change after the aircraft descended below minimum altitude may have exacerbated the high rate of descent.
- Downdrafts and wind shear may have contributed to the height loss which resulted from this mishandling.

Last Words:
07.07:30 PAR Six miles from touch down. There’s heavy rain at the field in the event of an overshoot. You’ll be cleared for the emergency overshoot procedure.
07.07:35 PAR RW beacon left turn to Stonecutters then to Cheung Chan, climbing immediately to 3,500 feet, 601.
TG601 Understand sir.
07.07:52 PAR You’re now five miles from touch down.
TG601 Thank you sir.
07.08:20 PAR Four miles check your wheels are down and locked and you are clear to land. I say again clear to land.
07.08:24 TG601 Thank you.
07.08:35 PAR Three and a half miles the heavy rain is at one and a half miles from touch down all over the field.
(Transmission clicks)
07.08:51 PAR Three miles you’re just a little to the right of centre.
07.09:19 PAR Two miles.
07.09:33 PAR One and a half miles. You’re slightly right of centre.
07.09:43 PAR Coming back to the centre line now.
07.09:48 PAR One mile. Going left of centre.
07.10:00 PAR Well. Left of the centre line. If you’re not visual, climb immediately on your present heading.
07.10:19 PAR 06.01, I have no radar contact with you.
07.10:30 PAR 06.01. Are you overshooting?
07.10:40 PAR 06.01, Hong Kong Precision.
07.10:49 PAR 06.01, Hong Kong.
07.11:04 PAR 06.01, Hong Kong Precision.
07.11:28 PAR 06.01, Hong Kong, do you read?

Trans World Airlines, Flight 159

Trans World Airlines (TWA) Flight 159 was a regularly scheduled passenger flight from New York City to Los Angeles, California, with a stopover in Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport, Kentucky, that crashed after an aborted takeoff from Cincinnati on November 6, 1967. The Boeing 707 attempted to abort takeoff when the copilot became concerned that the aircraft had collided with a disabled DC-9 on the runway. The aircraft overran the runway, struck an embankment and caught fire. One passenger died as a result of the accident.

The NTSB concluded that the crash occurred due to the TWA flight crew's inability to successfully abort takeoff due to the speed of the aircraft, and that a runway overrun was unavoidable at the 707's speed. The disabled DC-9, a Delta Air Lines flight which had reported that it had cleared the runway when in fact it had not, was a contributing factor in the crash.

Last words:
23.39:37.5 CAM-1 Okay, you’re lookin’ fine. [engine sound reaches highest pitch]
23.39:57.5 CAM-1 Eighty knots, you got ‘er.
23.40:01 TWR TWA one twenty eight cleared to land.
23.40:09 CAM-1 Not very # far off the runway.
CAM-2 Sure as fuck isn’t.
23.40:15 CAM-1 See that fire in the end?
23.40:15.5 CAM-? [Sound of “Pop”]
23.40:16.5 CAM-2 [Sound of engine power cut]
Good God I hit him.
23.40:17.5 CAM-2 Yokes!
23.40:20 [Sound of engine power resumption]
23.40:20.5 CAM-2 Spoilers!
CAM-1 Oh fuck.
CAM-2 Sorry.
CAM-3 Fuck.
23.40:32 [Sound of impact]

Ariana Afghan Airlines, Flight 701

Ariana Afghan Airlines Flight 701 was involved in a fatal air accident on 5 January 1969, when a Boeing 727 with 62 people on board crashed into a house on its approach to London Gatwick Airport in heavy fog. Due to pilot error the flaps were not extended to maintain flight at final approach speed. That Sunday morning the Gatwick area was affected by patches of dense freezing fog, Boeing 727 YA-FAR descended below its correct glide slope as it approached the airport from the east. As it passed over the hamlet of Fernhill on the Surrey/Sussex border, it hit trees and roofs, began to roll and crashed into a field south of Fernhill Lane, 1+1⁄2 miles (2.4 km) short of the runway. It collided with a large detached house, demolished it and caught fire. Forty-eight passengers and crew died, and two adult occupants of the house were killed when it was destroyed by the impact. A baby in the house survived with minor injuries. The captain, first officer, flight engineer and eleven passengers also survived.

Last words:
01.32 F/E: Stand by for the flaps
F/E: [says that flaps should have been going to 25 and 40 degrees]
GA: [gives 701 clearance to land]
GA: Runway visual range still 100 meters.
GA: [acknowledges 701 over the outer marker]
CPT: Flaps three zero.
CPT: Three zero coming down.
01.33 F/O: Four hundred feet.
CPT: Four hundred feet?
F/O: Yes, we have four hundred feet.
[Sound of full power being applied]
F/O: We’re finished!

Air Canada 621

Air Canada Flight 621 was an Air Canada Douglas DC-8 that crashed on July 5, 1970, while attempting to land at Toronto Pearson International Airport. All 100 passengers and 9 crew on board were killed, and at the time it was Canada's second-deadliest aviation accident.

Flight 621, which was to make a brief stopover in Toronto en route to Los Angeles, approached Toronto International Airport on a sunny Sunday. It was flown by Captain Peter Hamilton, a respected veteran of World War II air combat, and First Officer Donald Rowland. As the DC-8 approached the tarmac, Hamilton cheerfully surrendered. “I have given up,” he joked in a conversation preserved by the cockpit voice recorder. “I am tired of fighting it.” His conciliatory gesture led to the error that triggered the chain of events that brought the plane down. In the DC-8, the spoilers were both armed and deployed using the same poorly designed lever. Instead of simply manipulating the lever to arm the spoilers, as Hamilton wanted, Rowland unthinkingly deployed them. He was wrong. Hamilton did not know, and the tower did not tell him, that the DC-8 had dropped one of its engines on the runway. It was also on fire. Three explosions and about three minutes later, Flight 621 plummeted into a field about 50 metres from the home of a Castlemore truck driver.

Last Words:
CA We’ve lost number 4 engine
FO Have we?
CA (unintelligible)
SO Fuel
SO Fuel
CA Aye?
SO Fuel
CA Is it?
FO Yes
CA Okay, cut number 4
?O Number 4 engine
CA Yes
FO Number 3 engine
CA Number 4
FO Number 4, right.
CA Number 3 is jammed, too
FO Is it?
CA There it is.
CA The whole thing is jammed.
[crackling noise]
FO What was that?
FO What happened there, Peter?
CA That’t number 4 (unintelligible) Something’s happened (unintelligible)
FO Oh, look, we’ve got a (unintelligible).
[loud sound of explosion]
FO Pete, sorry.
[louder sound of explosion]
CA All right.
DEP 621. The status of your aircraft, please.
[sound of metal tearing]
CA We’ve got an explosion
FO Oh look, we’ve got (unintelligible) flame
FO Oh, gosh
?? We’ve lost a wing
[end of transcript]

Pan American, Flight 1736

The Tenerife airport disaster occurred on 27 March 1977, when two Boeing 747 passenger jets collided on the runway at Los Rodeos Airport, (now Tenerife North Airport) on the Spanish island of Tenerife. The collision occurred when KLM Flight 4805 initiated its takeoff run during dense fog while Pan Am Flight 1736 was still on the runway. The impact and resulting fire killed all on board KLM Flight 4805 and most of the occupants of Pan Am Flight 1736, with only 61 survivors in the front section of the aircraft. With a total of 583 fatalities, the disaster is the deadliest accident in aviation history.

Last words:
1706:20.08 APP Stand by for take-off, I will call you.
1706:20.3 PA RT And we’re still taxiing down the runway, the clipper one seven three six.
1706:19.39 – 1706:23.19 [PA radio transmission and APP communications caused a shrill noise in KLM cockpit – messages not heard by KLM crew]
1706:25.6 APP Roger alpha one seven three six report when runway clear.
1706:29.6 PA RT OK, we’ll report when we’re clear.
APP Thank you
PA CAM 1 Let’s get the hell out of here!
PA CAM 2 Yeh, he’s anxious isn’t he.
PA CAM 3 Yeh, after he held us up for half an hour. Now he’s in a rush.
1706:32.43 KLM CAM 3 Is he not clear then?
1706:34.1 KLM CAM 1 What do you say?
1706:34.15 KLM CAM ? Yup.
1706:34.7 KLM CAM 3 Is he not clear that Pan American?
1706:35.7 KLM-1 Oh yes. [emphatically]
1706:40 [PanAm captain sees landing lights of KLM at approximately 700 meters]
PA CAM 1 There he is .. look at him! Goddamn that son-of-a-bitch is coming! Get off! Get off! Get off!
1706:44 [KLM starts rotation]
1706:47.44 KLM CAM 1 [Scream]
1706:50 [Collision]

Pacific Southwest Airlines, Flight 182

Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 182 was a scheduled flight of Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) from Sacramento to San Diego with a stopover at Los Angeles. On September 25, 1978, the Boeing 727-214 collided with a private Cessna 172 light aircraft over San Diego, California. It was Pacific Southwest Airlines' first fatal accident, and it remains the deadliest air disaster in California history. At the time, it was the deadliest air crash to occur in the United States, and remained so until American Airlines Flight 191 crashed in May 1979.

Both aircraft crashed into North Park, a San Diego neighbourhood. The Boeing 727 crash killed all 135 people aboard the aircraft and seven people on the ground in houses, including two children. The Cessna lost its two pilots on board. Nine others on the ground were injured and a total of twenty-two residences were destroyed or damaged by the impact and debris.

The National Transportation Safety Board report determined that the probable cause of the accident was the failure of the Boeing flight crew to follow proper air traffic control (ATC) procedures. Flight 182's crew lost sight of the Cessna in contravention of ATC instructions to "keep visual separation from that traffic", and did not alert ATC that they had lost sight of it. Errors on the part of ATC were also named as contributing factors, including the use of visual separation procedures when radar clearances were available. Additionally, the Cessna pilots, for reasons unknown, did not maintain their assigned east-northeasterly heading of 070° after completing a practice instrument approach, nor did they notify ATC of their course change.

Last Words:
09.01:11 CAM 2 Are we clear of that Cessna?
09.01:13 CAM- Suppose to be.
09.01:14 CAM 1 I guess.
09.01:20 CAM 4 I hope.
09.01:21 CAM-1 Oh yeah, before we turned downwind, I saw him about one o’clock, probably behind us now.
09.01:38 CAM-2 There’s one underneath.
09.01:39 CAM 2 I was looking at that inbound there.
09.01:45 CAM 1 Whoop!
09.01:46 CAM 2 Aghhh!
09.01:47 CAM Sound of impact
09.01:48 CAM 1 On shit!
09.01:49 CAM-1 Easy baby, easy baby.
09.01:51 CAM [sound of electrical system reactivation tone on CVR, system off less than one second]
09.01:51 CAM-1 What have we got here?
09.01:52 CAM-2 It’s bad.
09.01:53 CAM-2 We’re hit man, we are hit.
09.01:56 RDO-1 Tower, we’re going down, this is PSA.
09.01:57 TWR Okay, we’ll call the equipment for you.
09.01:58 CAM [sound of stall warning]
CAM 1 This is it baby!
CAM ? Bob [name of F/O]
CAM 1 Brace yourself.
CAM ? Hey baby..
CAM? Ma I love you..
09.02:04 [End of recording]

Air New Zealand, Flight 901

The Mount Erebus disaster occurred on 28 November 1979 when Air New Zealand Flight 901 flew into Mount Erebus on Ross Island, Antarctica, killing all 237 passengers and 20 crew on board. Air New Zealand had been operating scheduled Antarctic sightseeing flights since 1977. This flight was supposed to leave Auckland Airport in the morning and spend a few hours flying over the Antarctic continent, before returning to Auckland in the evening via Christchurch.

The initial investigation concluded the accident was caused primarily by pilot error, but public outcry led to the establishment of a Royal Commission of Inquiry into the crash. The commission, presided over by Justice Peter Mahon QC, concluded that the accident was primarily caused by a correction made to the coordinates of the flight path the night before the disaster, coupled with a failure to inform the flight crew of the change, with the result that the aircraft, instead of being directed by computer down McMurdo Sound (as the crew had been led to believe), was instead rerouted to a path toward Mount Erebus. Justice Mahon's report accused Air New Zealand of presenting "an orchestrated litany of lies", and this led to changes in senior management at the airline. The Privy Council later ruled that the finding of a conspiracy was a breach of natural justice and not supported by the evidence.

The accident is the deadliest accident in the history of Air New Zealand, the deadliest aviation accident in Antarctica and one of New Zealand's deadliest peacetime disasters.

Last words:
CA Actually, these conditions don’t look very good at all, do they?
MU No they don’t.
12:49 MU That look like the edge of Ross Island there.
F/E I don’t like this.
CA Have you got anything from him?
F/O No
CA We’re 26 miles north. We’ll have to climb out of this.
MU You can see Ross Island? Fine.
F/O You’re clear to turn right. There’s no high ground if you do a one eighty.
CA No … negative.
GPWS [Whoop whoop pull up. Whoop whoop]
F/E Five hundred feet.
GPWS [Pull up]
F/E Four hundred feet.
GPWS [Whoop, whoop pull up. Whoop whoop pull up]
CA Go-around power please.
GPWS [Whoop whoop pull -]
[Sound of impact]

Polish Air Force, Tupolev 154M

On 10 April 2010, a Tupolev Tu-154 aircraft operating Polish Air Force Flight 101 crashed near the Russian city of Smolensk, killing all 96 people on board. Among the victims were the president of Poland, Lech KaczyƄski, and his wife, Maria; the former president of Poland in exile, Ryszard Kaczorowski; the chief of the Polish General Staff and other senior Polish military officers; the president of the National Bank of Poland; Polish government officials; 18 members of the Polish parliament; senior members of the Polish clergy; and relatives of victims of the Katyn massacre. The group was arriving from Warsaw to attend an event commemorating the 70th anniversary of the massacre, which took place not far from Smolensk.

The pilots were attempting to land at Smolensk North Airport — a former military airbase — in thick fog, with visibility reduced to about 500 metres (1,600 ft). The aircraft descended far below the normal approach path until it struck trees, rolled, inverted and crashed into the ground, coming to rest in a wooded area a short distance from the runway.

Both the Russian and Polish official investigations found no technical faults with the aircraft, and concluded that the crew failed to conduct the approach in a safe manner in the given weather conditions. The Polish authorities found serious deficiencies in the organization and training of the Air Force unit involved, which was subsequently disbanded. Several high-ranking members of the Polish military resigned following pressure from politicians and the media.

Last words:
ST: 80.
2P: Go around.
Signal at F=400 Hz. (Decision height).
ST: 60.
ST: 50.
D: Horizon 101.
ST: 40.
ST: 30.
D: Height control, horizon.
ST: 20.
Signal at F=400 Hz. Autopilot disconnect.
Signal at F=800 Hz. Inner marker.
Signal at F=400 Hz. Autothrottle disconnect.
TAWS:Signal at F=400 Hz. ABSU.
TAWS:Sound of hitting trees.
2P: F*cking hell!
D: Abort to second approach!
A: Screaming Fuckkkkkkkkkkkk…..


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