Saturday, November 17, 2018

Sydney Suburbs: Cabarita, Cabramatta

It's been a while since we've had a look at more Sydney Suburbs, so let's move onto the Cs . . . 

16 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Canada Bay.
Name Origin:
Cabarita is an Aboriginal word meaning by the water.
·       David Anderson, a private soldier in the NSW Corps was granted land in this area in 1795. The grant was described as being at “Cabarita Point, at the upper part of the Harbour”.
·       An area of Cabarita Point was reserved for public recreation in 1856. The reserve was expanded in 1880 with the addition of 9.7 hectares of adjoining land, known as Correy's Garden.
·       The names of France Bay, Exile Bay and Canada Bay, adjacent to the park, commemorate a group of 58 French-Canadian exiles. After an 1838 rebellion in Canada, these prisoners were sent to New South Wales and held in the Longbottom Stockade in Concord. The bays were named at this time.
·       The pavilion from which Governor-General Lord Hopetoun proclaimed the Federation of Australia in 1901 in Centennial Park is now located  in Cabarita Park.
·       In the past, the suburb consisted of swampland and heavy industry (only the Bushell's coffee and tea factory/warehouse remains). Housing developments replaced the industry and the swamps were reclaimed to create golf courses.
·       Until 1948, an electric tramway ran down Cabarita Road to connect the suburb with Burwood, Enfield and Ashfield via Cabarita Junction near the corner of Mortlake Street.
·       According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 1,957 people in Cabarita.


Federation Pavilion, Cabarita Park, now.

Federation Pavilion, Centennial Park, 1901

100,000 people attended the declaration of Australia as a Ferderation.

In the early 1920s Concord Council provided a netted area along the Parramatta River at the northern end of Cabarita Park for swimmers. It’s popularity prompted Council to embark on an ambitious project to build a swimming pool for the community during the Depression years of the 1930s.

The establishment of Correy’s Pleasure Gardens in the 1880s made Cabarita a special picnic destination for Sydney-siders in the nineteenth century.

Concord-Cabarita Coronation Baths were opened on 27 November 1937. Some 3000 people turned up for the opening! Cabarita Baths are today known as the Cabarita Swimming Centre.

The first Cabarita-bound tram, decorated for the occasion, travels down Burwood Road, Burwood NSW on 31 July 1907.

Accident on the Ashfield/ Burwood/ Mortlake/ Cabarita tramway 1907

Cabramatta is located 30 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Fairfield.
Name Origin:
In 1795, an early settler named Hatfield called the area ‘Moonshine Run’ because it was so heavily timbered that moonshine could not penetrate. The name Cabramatta first came into use in the area in the early 19th century when the Bull family named a property they had purchased Cabramatta Park. When a small village formed nearby in 1814, it took its name from that property. A township grew from this village.
·       Cabramatta is colloquially known as 'Cabra' and has the largest Hoa Vietnamese community in Australia. It is also Australia's largest non-Anglo-Celtic commercial precinct. The population demographics are reflected by the many Vietnamese-Australian and Chinese-Australian businesses. As a result, the suburb is considered a gourmand destination for Vietnamese, Thai and Chinese cuisines.
·       Cabramatta has a longstanding image problem, primarily due to its reputation as a point for drug-dealing. These drug activities began from the early 1990s (to late) as drug addicts were drawn to the area.  However, since 2002, the problems have receded after an anti-drug crackdown was enforced by the NSW State Parliament.
·       The presence of a migrant hostel alongside Cabramatta High School was decisive in shaping the community in the post-war period. In the first phase, large numbers of post-war immigrants from Europe passed through the hostel and settled in the surrounding area during the 1950s and 1960s. They satisfied labour demand for surrounding manufacturing and construction activities, and eventually gave birth to a rapidly growing population in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
·       In the 1960s and 1970s, the migrant hostel – along with its peer in Villawood – hosted a second wave of migration: this time from south-east Asia as a result of the Vietnam War. During the 1980s, Cabramatta was transformed into a thriving Asian community, displacing many of the previous migrant generation.
·       By the early 1980s migration to Cabramatta declined, and as a result the migrant hostel and its many hundreds of small empty apartments lay prey to vandalism. In the early 1990s the entire hostel site was demolished and redeveloped into residential housing.
·       According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 21,783 residents in Cabramatta, with 29.1% of people born in Australia.  The most common other countries of birth were Vietnam 35.0%, Cambodia 8.6%, China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) 4.7%, Thailand 1.9% and Laos 1.4%.
·       Cabramatta is also remembered for the political murder of a NSW State MP, John Newman, outside his Cabramatta home in September 1994. This was Australia's first ever political assassination and thus this assassination drew much attention and alarm. A local nightclub owner and political rival, Phuong Ngo, was convicted of the murder in 2001 and sentenced to life imprisonment. T


Friendship Arch, Freedom Plaza, Cabramatta

Cook's Square in Cabramatta. August, 1960

Cabramatta Railway Station 1924

Railway Parade, Cabramatta, 1905

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